Delft, dated 1848
The Three Bells pottery [period of Jacobus van der Putten]
Mark: JVP & C 1848
The rectangular brazier has a rounded bottom, slightly curved upper rim and stands on three short feet. A handle is attached to one of the corners of the square top. It is painted on each side with a simplified landscape, against a blue background. Circular cartouches with trellis diaper work are applied to the three other corners. A three-dotted frieze is painted under the band with landscapes and along the bottom rim. The upper rim, the handle and the feet are decorated with stripes.
Dimensions: length 15 cm / 5.90 in., width 12 cm / 4.72 in., height 8,8 cm / 3.46 in.
For comparable nineteenth-century Frisian braziers, see Van den Akker (p. 170, no. 0212202; p. 171, no. 0212203; p. 172, no. 0212206 and p. 173). For a Delft white copy, see Eliëns 2013 (p. 116, fig. 175). See Hoekstra-Klein for other items marked JVP & C and dated 1848 from The Three Clocks pottery (p. 35).
The shape of the brazier is derived from red-fired lead-glazed pottery and was already used at the beginning of the seventeenth century. In faience, the brazier was particularly popular in Friesland and was one of the most commonly produced objects in the Frisian potteries during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In faience from Delft this form is known in unpainted white ware from the eighteenth century, but nineteenth-century versions of the brazier are exceptional. The decor is a direct imitation of contemporary Frisian braziers from the mid-nineteenth century. It indicates that the Delftware potters from this period faced competition from the product of the Frisian potters. In the art historical literature it is assumed that The Three Bells pottery closed in 1841. Based on this dated copy, we can assume that the pottery was closed at a later date, perhaps as late as 1853 when the owners sold it.
M. van den Akker, Fries aardewerk. Majolica. Faience. Kerfsnee. Harlinger aardewerk museum. Collectie Minze van den Akker, Harlingen 2007
T.M. Eliëns (ed.), Delfts aardewerk. Geschiedenis van een nationaal product, deel II, Zwolle/The Hague 2001